Man-Made Hazards and Threats
A man-made disaster differs from natural disasters, as the incident results from hazards involving an element of human intent, negligence or error, or threats involving a failure of a man-made system.
Epidemics potentially can have a far greater impact on a population a bad flu season. Many people get sick with the flu each year, but when cases skyrocket, it is considered an epidemic.
When a global outbreak of a new disease occurs, causing serious illness across national borders, it is considered a pandemic.
Dallas County Health and Human Services is an excellent source for information on health issues within the county, as well as where to find vaccines.
Preparing for the epidemic or pandemic:
- Learn about the types of epidemics and how they can affect you.
- Ensure your Emergency Supply Kit is ready.
- Follow directions from officials about sheltering-in-place or evacuating.
- Practice healthy habits that help protect you and others:
- Wash your hands.
- Cover coughs and sneezes.
- Stay home from work or school if you are sick.
An estimated 1,800 fatal residential building fires occur annually in the United States, resulting in an average of 2,365 deaths, 725 injuries, and $196 million in property loss. (source: U.S. Fire Administration 2010 report).
By having a working smoke alarm, it can help you and your family escape a deadly home fire. A working smoke alarm will scan the air 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Smoke Alarm (powered by a 9-volt battery):
- A monthly test should be done
- Batteries should be replaced once a year.
- Every 8-10 years, the entire system should be replaced.
Hazardous Materials can come in solids, liquids and gases. These chemicals can be found everywhere from semi trucks driving down the street to underneath the kitchen sink. Some chemicals are dangerous while others may not be. It is most important to note that when chemicals are used in an unsafe manner, it can cause a threat to life, property and the environment.
Hazardous materials can cause a variety of issues including damages to buildings, homes and property, fatalities and serious injuries. Only those who are trained in responding to hazardous materials and with specialized equipment can handle and dispose of hazardous materials safely. Depending on the type of incident, the response can vary in intensity, size and duration.
What to do During a Hazardous Materials Incident:
- Tune in to the local news stations for detailed information and instructions.
- Follow all instructions carefully, including sheltering or evacuating.
- If you can, stay away from the area to minimize the risk of contamination.
- If you are caught outside, stay upstream, uphill and upwind. In general, try to go at least one-half mile away from the danger area.
- If you are caught in your vehicle, seek shelter in a permanent building.